After Elizabeth died in , a second marriage was arranged with Violante Visconti, daughter of Galeazzo Visconti, lord of Pavia. They were married in Milan in June , but shortly after Lionel was taken ill at Alba and died on 17 October At the time, there was speculation that he may have been poisoned by his father-in-law, although this has never been proven.
However, conflicts arose between the young Henry and his father when the prince gathered support for his policy of declaring war on France.
George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence - Wikipedia
In a rash attack during the battle, Thomas and his knights were overwhelmed and soon surrounded. Having been born during a time when his father was challenging Henry VI for the crown, George played a central role in the Wars of the Roses, the dynastic struggle between the two rival branches of the House of Plantagenet; the red rose House of Lancaster and white rose House of York.
He was also invested as a Knight of the Garter, and in he received the Honour of Richmond, a lifetime grant but without the peerage title of Earl of Richmond.
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The same year he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Though a member of the House of York, at different times in his life was had apparently been both a Yorkist and a Lancastrian. As a result George was deprived of his office as Lord Lieutenant. Realising that Warwick planned to bypass him and that his loyalty to his father-in-law had been misplaced, George reconciled with Edward.
George was then created first Earl of Warwick on 25 March George was convinced that Isabel had been poisoned and accused one of her ladies-in-waiting of having murdered her. The death of Isabel left George a young widower, and unsurprisingly he considered the possibility of remarriage.
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George found himself a suitor once again for the hand of Mary, who was now Duchess of Burgundy but this match was opposed by Edward and George left the court. A fourth creation of Duke of Clarence was suggested in England, and planned to take effect in It was going to be given to Lord Guildford Dudley, husband of Lady Jane Grey, upon her coronation as she declined to make her husband king consort. However, she was famously deposed after just nine days, before the title could take effect.
Two double dukedoms — Clarence and St Andrews and Clarence and Avondale — were later created for British royal princes.
Having two elder brothers, George and Frederick, he was not expected to inherit the Crown, but succeeded his elder brother George IV as king in William sought to be made a duke like his brothers, and receive a similar parliamentary grant, but his father was reluctant. In order to put pressure on the king, William threatened to stand for the House of Commons for the constituency of Totnes, Devon. The reason why William was given a double dukedom was because following the Union of the Crowns in , holders of the title Duke of Clarence were also given titles including Scottish place names.
Since his two elder brothers died without leaving legitimate issue, William inherited the throne in when he was 64 years old and all of his honours merged with the crown. Several reforms occurred during his reign: the poor law was updated, child labour restricted, slavery abolished in nearly all of the British Empire, and the British electoral system was refashioned in From birth, Albert was second in line to the British throne, but he never became king as he died before both his father and his grandmother. When young, he travelled the world extensively as a naval cadet and then joined the British Army as an adult, but did not undertake any active military duties.
Nowadays he is primarily known as suspect in the Jack the Ripper murders and for his alleged involvement in the Cleveland Street Scandal. However, these claims are now widely dismissed as contemporary documents show that Albert could not have been in London at the time of the murders. In rumours also linked Albert to the Cleveland Street scandal.
The male prostitutes and pimps revealed the names of their clients under police interrogation, implicating several high-ranking figures, including Lord Arthur Somerset, an Extra Equerry to the Prince of Wales. Rumours swept upper-class London of the involvement of a member of the royal family, namely Prince Albert Victor. Even after his death fanciful theories continued to swirl, such as: he died of syphilis or poison, was pushed off a cliff on the instructions of Lord Randolph Churchill or that his death was faked to remove him from the line of succession.
In late Albert was engaged to be married to Princess Mary of Teck, but just a few weeks later he died during an influenza pandemic. Mary later married his younger brother George, who became King George V in Duke of Clarence: A title through time. O, no, my dream was lengthen'd after life; O, then began the tempest to my soul, O Brakenbury, I have done those things, Which now bear evidence against my soul, How darkly and how deadly dost thou speak!
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Your eyes do menace me: why look you pale? You scarcely have the hearts to tell me so, And therefore cannot have the hearts to do it.
Death of George, Duke of Clarence. February 18, 1478.
Are you call'd forth from out a world of men To slay the innocent? What is my offence? Erroneous vassal! For Edward, for my brother, for his sake: Why, sirs, Oh, if you love my brother, hate not me; I am his brother, and I love him well. Tell him, when that our princely father York Bless'd his three sons with his victorious arm, It cannot be; for when I parted with him, He hugg'd me in his arms, and swore, with sobs, Hast thou that holy feeling in thy soul, To counsel me to make my peace with God, Not to relent is beastly, savage, devilish.