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According to the census, there were 4.

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The census was not done with same thoroughness as the census was done elsewhere in China. In many remote areas rough estimates were made. Foreign visitors have estimated that there are probably around 6 million Tibetans in China, with about 3 million Tibetans living in the Tibetan Autonomous Region in China and another 3 million Tibetans living outside of Tibetan Autonomous Region in China. About , Tibetans live in exile outside of China. China's one-child policy is not enforced in most of Tibet as is the case in many minority areas in China.

Many Tibetan families have five or more children with no apparent repercussions from the government. This has been done partly to assuage fears by Tibetans that the Chinese are planning to overtake Tibet by outnumbering them. Tibetans live in cities, towns and villages and as nomads mostly highlands and mountainous country in Tibet and Yunnan, Sichuan, Qinghai and Gansu Provinces. The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau rises about 4, meters above sea level.

The Hengduan Mountains, running from north to south, runs across the western parts of Sichuan and Yunnan provinces. Qomolangma Everest on the Chinese-Nepalese border is 8, meters above sea level, the highest mountain in the world. The Tibetan areas are crisscrossed by rivers and dotted with lakes. Most Tibetans in the Tibetan Autonomous Region live in the cities or in southern Tibet, where the climate is less hostile and there are a number of valleys where barley and other crops are raised.

Most of the inhabitants of the highland plateau are nomadic shepherds and yak and horse breeders. Many Tibetans live along the Yarlung Zangpo and its tributaries, from Xigaze to Zetang, where Tibetan Buddhism developed in the late 8th century.

Textbook of Modern Colloquial Tibetan Conversation

Tibetans can also be found in Mongolia, India, Nepal, Bhutan. Russia and other parts of the world. A number of different ethnic groups, including the Bhutanese, Ladakhis in northern India and the Sherpas in Nepal follow Tibetan Buddhism and are essentially Tibetans. Tibetan in Chinese characters The Tibetan language belongs to the Tibetan language branch of the Tibetan-Burmese language group in the Sino-Tibetan family of languages, a classification that also includes Chinese. Tibetan, often implicitly meaning Standard Tibetan, is an official language of the Tibet Autonomous Region.

It is monosyllabic, with five vowels, 26 consonants and no consonant clusters.

Speak Tibetan like a Tibetan - Dialogues in Colloquial Tibetan

Maxims and proverbs are very popular among the Tibetans. They use many metaphors and symbols, which are lively and full of meaning. There are many dialects. Some are quite different from one another.

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Tibetans from some regions have difficulty understanding Tibetans from other regions that speak a different dialect. The For political reasons, the dialects of central Tibet including Lhasa , Kham, and Amdo in China are considered dialects of a single Tibetan language, while Dzongkha, Sikkimese, Sherpa, and Ladakhi are generally considered to be separate languages, although their speakers may to be ethnically Tibetan. The standard form of written Tibetan is based on Classical Tibetan and is highly conservative.

However, this does not reflect linguistic reality: Dzongkha and Sherpa, for example, are closer to Lhasa Tibetan than Khams or Amdo are. The Tibetan languages are spoken by approximately 8 million people. Tibetan is also spoken by groups of ethnic minorities in Tibet who have lived in close proximity to Tibetans for centuries, but nevertheless retain their own languages and cultures.

Although some of the Qiangic peoples of Kham are classified by the People's Republic of China as ethnic Tibetans, Qiangic languages are not Tibetan, but rather form their own branch of the Tibeto-Burman language family.

Classical Tibetan was not a tonal language, but some varieties such as Central and Khams Tibetan have developed tone. Tibetan morphology can generally be described as agglutinative, although Classical Tibetan was largely analytic. The Tibetan script, an alphabetic system of writing, was created in the early 7th century from Sanskrit, the classical language of India and the liturgical language of Hinduism and Buddhism. Written Tibetan has four vowels and 30 consonants and is written from left to right. It is a liturgical language and a major regional literary language, particularly for its use in Buddhist literature.

It is still used in everyday life.

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Shop signs and roads signs in Tibet are often written in both Chinese and Tibetan, with Chinese first of course. The task is said to have been completed by a monk named Tonmu Sambhota.

The northern India script in turn was derived from Sanskrit. Written Tibet has 30 letters and looks sort of like Sanskrit or Indian writing. Tibetan, Uighur, Zhuang and Mongolian are official minority languages that appear on Chinese banknotes. Tibetan uses conjugated verbs and tenses, complicated prepositions and subject-object-verb word order.

It has no articles and possesses an entirely different set of nouns, adjectives and verbs that are reserved only for addressing kings and high ranking monks. Tibetan is tonal but the tones are far less important in terms of conveying word meaning than is the case with Chinese. Tibetan is classified as an ergative-absolutive language. Nouns are generally unmarked for grammatical number but are marked for case. Adjectives are never marked and appear after the noun. Demonstratives also come after the noun but these are marked for number.

A Tibetan-English dictionary.

Textbook of Colloquial Tibetan Language: Sherab Gyaltsen Amipa: urknysmaclatchblok.ga: Books

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A Textbook of Graph Theory. A Textbook of Cultural Economics. A Textbook of Paediatric Orthopaedics. Tibetskii pis'mennyi yazyk.

Rerikh Yu. Buddizm i kul'turnoe edinstvo Azii. Tibetskii yazyk. Parfionovicha i V. Tuchchi Dzh. Religii Tibeta. Khodzh St. Vvedenie v klassicheskii tibetskii yazyk: uchebnoe posobie so slovarem. Tsybikov G. Posobie dlya izucheniya tibetskogo yazyka. Uprazhneniya v razgovornom i literaturnom yazyke i grammaticheskie zametki.

Vladivostok: Tipo-litografiya pri Vostochnom institute, Chast' I.

A beginning textbook of Lhasa Tibetan

Razgovornaya rech'. Shmidt Ya.

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Blondeau A. Dictionnaire thematique francais-tibetain du tibetain parle: langue standard. Paris: L'Harmattan, Peking: Mi-rigs dpe-skrun-khang, Magee and E. King, J.