The contributors explain the difficulties and the benefits of applying CA in the real world, and with working with external agencies like government institutions, charities and the medical establishment. Comments There are no comments yet.
You can post the first one! Post a comment. Please log in to use this service. Lucas Seuren. That is, the primary goal was not to intervene in social interaction, but to describe it. The most important findings on turn-taking, sequence structure, and repair in the s provided insights into the structure of interaction, but nothing beyond that.
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But with the fundamentals established, the way was cleared for applied research as well. I will only discuss a few fields where CA has shown that it can contribute to resolving important problems in society. The development of antibiotics in the late 19th and in particular the early 20th century was of fundamental influence on medicine and society.
Many diseases that had been fatal, could now easily be cured. And the risk of infection for soldiers wounded during wartime decreased immensely, But in recent decades misuse and overuse has led to many resistant strains of bacteria. One of the problems is that antibiotics are frequently prescribed by physicians for viral infections.
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This would seem strange, because any physician would know that antibiotics cannot be used to fight viruses. So why do they still prescribe them in these cases? For over ten years now, researchers in CA have looked at situations where physicians prescribe antibiotics when there is no medical need to do so.
In a series of papers, Stivers and others a,b,,, describe how physicians are pressured to prescribe antibiotics.
In pediatric situations, parents often resist the physicians treatment recommendation in various ways. They also steer towards antibiotics, even when their child has a viral infection and would not benefit from the preferred treatment. One way Stivers found that physicians could prevent such pressure, is by giving online commentary during an examination, thereby preempting any discussion. The benefits to society of this research are clear.
Less misuse of antibiotics will lead to fewer resistant strains of bacteria. This means that bacterial infections will still be easily treatable in the future.